双聚束噪声成像揭示钦杭与武夷山成矿带上地壳精细结构

侯爵, 徐涛, 吕庆田, 郑孟杰, 白志明. 2022. 双聚束噪声成像揭示钦杭与武夷山成矿带上地壳精细结构. 地球物理学报, 65(10): 3881-3899, doi: 10.6038/cjg2022Q0152
引用本文: 侯爵, 徐涛, 吕庆田, 郑孟杰, 白志明. 2022. 双聚束噪声成像揭示钦杭与武夷山成矿带上地壳精细结构. 地球物理学报, 65(10): 3881-3899, doi: 10.6038/cjg2022Q0152
HOU Jue, XU Tao, LÜ QingTian, ZHENG MengJie, BAI ZhiMing. 2022. The fine upper crustal structure below the Qin-Hang and Wuyishan metallogenic belts revealed by double beamforming ambient noise tomography. Chinese Journal of Geophysics (in Chinese), 65(10): 3881-3899, doi: 10.6038/cjg2022Q0152
Citation: HOU Jue, XU Tao, LÜ QingTian, ZHENG MengJie, BAI ZhiMing. 2022. The fine upper crustal structure below the Qin-Hang and Wuyishan metallogenic belts revealed by double beamforming ambient noise tomography. Chinese Journal of Geophysics (in Chinese), 65(10): 3881-3899, doi: 10.6038/cjg2022Q0152

双聚束噪声成像揭示钦杭与武夷山成矿带上地壳精细结构

  • 基金项目:

    国家重点研发计划项目(2019YFA0708602, 2016YFC0600201)和国家自然科学基金(42130807, 41974048, 42074099)联合资助

详细信息
    作者简介:

    侯爵,男,1989年生,助理研究员,主要研究方向为地震学. E-mail: houjue@cea-igp.ac.cn

    通讯作者: 徐涛,男,1978年生,研究员,主要研究方向为地震学. E-mail: xutao@mail.iggcas.ac.cn
  • 中图分类号: P315, P541

The fine upper crustal structure below the Qin-Hang and Wuyishan metallogenic belts revealed by double beamforming ambient noise tomography

More Information
  • 华南地区是全球重要的钨锡等多金属矿集区之一,是我国东部中生代成矿最具代表性区域.然而该区主要成矿带的矿床类型和成矿特征却存在一定差异.为了加深对区域成矿背景的认识和厘清控制成矿差异的因素,我们基于主动源和被动源联合探测“万载—永春”剖面所记录的环境噪声数据,开展了双聚束噪声成像,获得了剖面下方的S波速度结构.主要认识如下:(1)S波速度模型异常特征刻画了研究区域内不同类型的断裂及其深部展布形态和速度特征.钦杭成矿带内的江山—绍兴断裂具有逆冲性质,西北倾向,深切地壳,控制中生代斑岩岩浆系统;武夷山成矿带内的走滑断裂几乎均以高角度切穿上地壳,与其相伴发育的铲式断层控制了大量的走滑拉分盆地和火山断陷盆地的发育.(2)剖面下方的速度结构在横向上具有强烈的速度异常变化,且武夷山成矿带内的平均S波速度略高于钦杭成矿带,反映了武夷山成矿带上地壳以壳源花岗岩和酸性火山岩为主体,而钦杭成矿带上地壳以巨厚的元古宙变质火山-沉积岩系为特征.(3)综合证据表明,中下地壳物质组成差异是导致两个成矿带具有不同成矿金属组合的根本原因.在钦杭成矿带,尽管浅部地壳平均S波速度低,但下地壳高速异常显著,反映其下部地壳偏镁铁质;武夷山成矿带浅部地壳平均S波速度高,但下地壳相对低速,反映下部地壳为偏长英质古老地壳.

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  • 图 1 

    研究区域位置及地震台站分布

    Figure 1. 

    Research region and the location of seismic stations

    图 2 

    按台站间距排列的噪声互相关函数及对噪声互相关波形的时频分析

    Figure 2. 

    Noise cross-correlations against inter distance and the time-frequency analysis of the noise cross-correlation waveform

    图 3 

    双聚束分析原理示意图

    Figure 3. 

    Illustration of double beamforming

    图 4 

    窄带滤波处理后的噪声互相关函数

    Figure 4. 

    The narrow-band filtered noise cross-correlations

    图 5 

    台站与波束中心位置

    Figure 5. 

    Seismic stations and beam center

    图 6 

    2D网格搜索最佳慢度示例

    Figure 6. 

    Example of determining the best slowness by 2D grid search

    图 7 

    沿地震剖面的慢度测量结果

    Figure 7. 

    Slowness measurements along the seismic survey profile

    图 8 

    (a) 2D相速度剖面; (b) 2D测量误差剖面

    Figure 8. 

    (a) 2D phase velocity cross-section. (b) 2D cross-section of the measuring uncertainties

    图 9 

    (a) 用于S波反演的2D相速度频散剖面;(b) 测量误差剖面

    Figure 9. 

    (a) 2D phase velocity cross-section used for S-wave inversion. (b) The cross-section of the measuring uncertainties

    图 10 

    单个波束中心频散反演示例

    Figure 10. 

    Example of S-wave inversion at a single beam center

    图 11 

    “万载—永春”剖面上地壳速度结构

    Figure 11. 

    The upper crustal seismic velocity structure beneath the "Wanzai-Yongchun" survey profile

    表 1 

    叠加波形信噪比统计

    Table 1. 

    SNR (Signal-to-Noise Ratio) statistics of the stacked waveforms

    周期(s) Q1 Q2 Q3 平均值 最小值 阈值
    1.0 17.70 20.86 24.11 21.73 10.73 20
    1.5 21.66 24.67 28.46 25.04 11.82
    2.0 22.76 26.4 29.65 26.7 13.12
    2.5 23.67 26.75 29.64 27.22 15.92
    3.0 24.17 26.72 29.09 27.35 17.94
    3.5 24.35 26.49 28.58 27.40 17.93
    4.0 24.12 26.03 27.96 27.19 18.08
    4.5 23.57 25.34 27.15 26.62 17.98
    5.0 22.86 24.47 26.21 25.94 18.32
    5.5 22.00 23.47 25.16 25.14 18.12
    6.0 21.02 22.34 23.9 24.14 17.18
    6.5 19.88 20.99 22.4 22.84 15.79
    7.0 18.34 19.50 20.73 21.28 14.38
    注:Q1, Q2和Q3分别代表第一四分位数,第二四分位数(中位数)和第三四分位数.
    Note:Q1, Q2 and Q3 represent the first quartile, second quartile (median) and third quartile, respectively.
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收稿日期:  2022-03-06
修回日期:  2022-08-04
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