利用远震P波接收函数研究中国福建地区地壳厚度和泊松比

李海艳, 蔡辉腾, 金星, 姚华建, 李培, 徐嘉隽, 林琛, 任丛荣. 2021. 利用远震P波接收函数研究中国福建地区地壳厚度和泊松比. 地球物理学报, 64(3): 805-822, doi: 10.6038/cjg2021N0431
引用本文: 李海艳, 蔡辉腾, 金星, 姚华建, 李培, 徐嘉隽, 林琛, 任丛荣. 2021. 利用远震P波接收函数研究中国福建地区地壳厚度和泊松比. 地球物理学报, 64(3): 805-822, doi: 10.6038/cjg2021N0431
LI HaiYan, CAI HuiTeng, JIN Xing, YAO HuaJian, LI Pei, XU JiaJun, LIN Chen, REN CongRong. 2021. Analysis of the crustal thickness and Poisson's ratio in Fujian, Southeast China, from teleseismic P-wave receiver functions. Chinese Journal of Geophysics (in Chinese), 64(3): 805-822, doi: 10.6038/cjg2021N0431
Citation: LI HaiYan, CAI HuiTeng, JIN Xing, YAO HuaJian, LI Pei, XU JiaJun, LIN Chen, REN CongRong. 2021. Analysis of the crustal thickness and Poisson's ratio in Fujian, Southeast China, from teleseismic P-wave receiver functions. Chinese Journal of Geophysics (in Chinese), 64(3): 805-822, doi: 10.6038/cjg2021N0431

利用远震P波接收函数研究中国福建地区地壳厚度和泊松比

  • 基金项目:

    国家自然科学基金项目(41790461,51678539),国家重点研发计划(2018YFC1503204),福建省地震局青年项目(Y201901),地震科技星火计划(XH19024Y,XH19023Y)联合资助

详细信息
    作者简介:

    李海艳, 女, 1990年生, 工程师, 主要从事地球深部构造、地震活动性方面的研究工作.E-mail: lihyswallow@163.com

    通讯作者: 蔡辉腾, 男, 1982年生, 正研级工程师, 主要从事主动源探测数据处理及解释工作.E-mail: caihuiteng@126.com
  • 中图分类号: P315

Analysis of the crustal thickness and Poisson's ratio in Fujian, Southeast China, from teleseismic P-wave receiver functions

More Information
  • 地壳厚度和泊松比是反映地壳结构和内部物质组成的重要参数,能够为区域构造和动力学研究提供重要依据.本文基于福建地区分布相对均匀的88个测震台2014—2017年的远震波形数据提取P波接收函数,采用H-κ叠加获得台站下方的地壳厚度和泊松比,并与该地区已有的研究结果进行对比、分析及整合,最终获得了研究区117个观测台站下方的地壳厚度和泊松比,揭示了中国福建地区地壳结构和泊松比变化特征.结果显示:(1)研究区内地壳厚度整体较薄,在27.4~34.3 km之间,平均值为31.4 km.地壳厚度从西北往东南减薄,具有明显条带和块状特征,与地壳主要深大断裂的分布有一定相关性.本文以更为密集的台站结果进一步验证了研究区具有由陆壳向洋壳逐渐减薄的过渡特征,并揭示了地壳新的局部起伏.这也意味着福建地区从内陆到沿海并非线性减薄,存在小尺度横向非均匀性.(2)研究区内泊松比平均值为0.25,范围为0.20~0.30,北部整体偏高,南部整体较低,泊松比分布特征与该区地壳物质组成和矿物含量密切相关.沿海地区泊松比明显高于内陆地区,推测与沿海地区较高的热流值和幔源物质底侵过程有关.(3)地壳厚度与泊松比成负相关,推测在地壳伸展背景下,古太平洋板块俯冲华南大陆,幔源物质进入地壳,在造成莫霍面抬升的同时提高了泊松比.

  • 加载中
  • 图 1 

    研究区域地质构造(a)和台站分布(b)

    Figure 1. 

    Tectonics and seismic stations used in the study

    图 2 

    用于H-κ叠加的远震事件分布图(色标表示震级)

    Figure 2. 

    Teleseismic event locations of H-κ stacking in this study(color code represents magnitude)

    图 3 

    JOJA、NPDK、XMSM、SXFK、HAHF和PHSG台站用于H-κ叠加的径向接收函数

    Figure 3. 

    Radial receiver function for H-κ stacking at some stations (JOJA、NPDK、XMSM、SXFK、HAHF、PHSG)

    图 4 

    H-κ叠加结果展示

    Figure 4. 

    H-κ stacking result at some stations (JOJA、NPDK、XMSM、SXFK、HAHF、PHSG) in this study

    图 5 

    台站下方地壳厚度分布(a)、波速比分布(b)和泊松比分布(c)直方图

    Figure 5. 

    Histogram distribution of crustal thickness (a), velocity ratio distribution (b) and Poisson′s ratio (c) beneath the stations

    图 6 

    地壳厚度和波速比与前人接收函数结果一致性分析

    Figure 6. 

    Consistency analysis of crustal thickness and VP/VS ratio with previous receiver function results

    图 7 

    地壳厚度和波速比与前人接收函数结果对比图

    Figure 7. 

    Comparison of crustal thickness and VP/VS with previous receiver function results

    图 8 

    福建地区的地壳厚度分布

    Figure 8. 

    Variation of crustal thickness in the Fujian Province

    图 9 

    福建地区的泊松比分布图

    Figure 9. 

    Variation of Poisson′s ratio in the Fujian Province

    图 10 

    本研究所得地壳厚度同前人地震测深所得结果对比

    Figure 10. 

    Comparison of crustal thickness with previous seismic sounding profiles results

    图 11 

    地壳厚度与泊松比的相关性

    Figure 11. 

    Correlation of crustal thickness with Poisson′s ratio

    表 1 

    台站下方地壳厚度H、波速比κ及泊松比δ

    Table 1. 

    Crustal thickness H, velocity ratio κ and Poisson′s ratio δ beneath stations

    序号 台站名 经度(°E) 纬度(°N) H/km κ δ
    1 AXCK 117.87 25.22 32.20±0.92 1.68±0.03 0.23
    2 AXCN 118.20 25.07 29.60±0.64 1.77±0.03 0.27
    3 AXDP 117.96 24.89 30.90±0.85 1.84±0.04 0.29
    4 CTCX 117.74 24.69 30.40±0.64 1.76±0.03 0.26
    5 CTTZ 116.35 25.84 32.70±0.64 1.70±0.03 0.24
    6 DHTT 118.12 25.80 31.70±0.55 1.70±0.02 0.24
    7 DHTZ 118.22 25.50 32.80±0.82 1.71±0.03 0.24
    8 DSXP 117.42 23.70 28.30±0.77 1.75±0.03 0.26
    9 DTJX 117.84 25.68 31.90±0.91 1.73±0.04 0.25
    10 FACY 119.67 27.10 33.30±0.93 1.74±0.03 0.25
    11 FDGL 120.24 27.37 32.10±1.14 1.78±0.05 0.27
    12 FDQY 120.25 27.11 32.20±0.97 1.71±0.06 0.24
    13 FQDZ 119.28 25.70 29.20±0.67 1.84±0.03 0.29
    14 FZLQ 119.57 26.10 33.90±1.53 1.69±0.04 0.23
    15 FZRX 119.28 26.35 31.10±0.76 1.80±0.04 0.28
    16 GTSK 118.72 26.37 33.30±1.28 1.71±0.05 0.24
    17 GTYT 118.73 26.59 32.00±1.09 1.73±0.05 0.25
    18 HAHF 117.52 25.01 33.20±0.49 1.67±0.02 0.22
    19 HAJF 118.95 24.97 29.00±0.48 1.73±0.03 0.25
    20 JJJJ 118.59 24.54 28.50±0.66 1.76±0.04 0.26
    21 JLNK 117.48 26.58 33.10±0.96 1.66±0.04 0.22
    22 JNSX 116.92 26.80 33.40±0.84 1.67±0.03 0.22
    23 JOJA 118.33 27.05 30.40±0.80 1.76±0.03 0.26
    24 LCGT 116.89 25.73 32.80±0.55 1.71±0.02 0.24
    25 LCJX 116.72 25.49 33.70±0.56 1.65±0.02 0.21
    26 LJTL 119.92 26.35 30.80±1.06 1.81±0.04 0.28
    27 LYJJ 119.76 26.55 30.30±0.94 1.83±0.04 0.29
    28 LYXP 117.02 25.12 31.40±0.84 1.75±0.05 0.26
    29 MHZQ 119.03 26.09 30.50±0.62 1.81±0.03 0.28
    30 MQDQ 118.90 26.38 32.20±0.73 1.79±0.03 0.27
    31 MQXJ 118.72 26.31 32.60±1.01 1.68±0.04 0.23
    32 MXXF 117.18 26.35 33.60±0.91 1.72±0.03 0.24
    33 NDZW 119.56 26.67 31.80±1.29 1.82±0.06 0.28
    34 NHCN 116.67 26.22 33.30±0.76 1.65±0.03 0.21
    35 NJJS 117.33 24.79 32.30±0.60 1.76±0.03 0.26
    36 NPDK 118.18 26.61 30.40±0.88 1.70±0.04 0.24
    37 PCGL 118.54 28.22 32.00±0.70 1.81±0.03 0.28
    38 PCNP 118.51 27.90 33.10±0.94 1.76±0.03 0.26
    39 PHJF 117.05 24.22 32.30±0.68 1.67±0.03 0.22
    40 PHSG 117.34 24.39 32.10±0.72 1.75±0.03 0.26
    41 PNTK 118.97 26.97 32.80±1.04 1.73±0.04 0.25
    42 PTAQ 119.84 25.45 29.40±0.85 1.85±0.04 0.29
    43 PTDT 119.26 25.26 29.40±0.65 1.78±0.03 0.27
    44 PTLC 119.01 25.44 29.10±0.86 1.79±0.06 0.27
    45 PTMZ 119.11 25.04 28.90±0.53 1.71±0.03 0.24
    46 PTNR 119.47 25.22 29.70±0.59 1.76±0.03 0.26
    47 QGQH 118.90 25.14 28.80±0.81 1.76±0.04 0.26
    48 QZH 118.59 24.94 28.60±0.60 1.72±0.03 0.24
    49 SCLX 117.98 26.96 32.00±1.04 1.66±0.04 0.22
    50 SHLC 116.45 25.03 32.30±0.87 1.69±0.04 0.23
    51 SHXD 116.44 24.82 30.50±0.71 1.77±0.04 0.27
    52 SNQY 119.48 27.40 31.80±0.75 1.81±0.04 0.28
    53 SWDT 117.48 27.33 33.10±0.71 1.66±0.03 0.22
    54 SXFK 117.64 26.39 30.30±0.84 1.76±0.04 0.26
    55 SXJX 118.84 27.60 32.20±0.91 1.75±0.04 0.26
    56 TNSC 117.18 26.90 32.70±0.95 1.69±0.04 0.23
    57 WPPC 116.11 25.06 34.10±0.86 1.65±0.03 0.21
    58 WPXD 116.20 25.43 32.80±0.90 1.71±0.03 0.24
    59 WYXF 118.01 27.74 32.70±0.62 1.77±0.02 0.27
    60 XMJM 117.97 24.65 30.30±0.78 1.70±0.04 0.24
    61 XMSM 118.08 24.45 27.40±0.72 1.83±0.05 0.29
    62 XPSS 120.19 26.92 29.80±0.80 1.81±0.04 0.28
    63 XYSC 118.73 25.61 34.20±0.89 1.64±0.03 0.20
    64 XYXY 118.58 25.58 33.60±1.21 1.71±0.05 0.24
    65 YAHN 117.71 25.96 32.40±0.99 1.72±0.04 0.24
    66 YAXT 117.12 25.72 31.80±0.80 1.74±0.04 0.25
    67 YAYX 117.35 25.99 32.60±0.65 1.71±0.03 0.24
    68 YCSG 118.22 25.33 30.30±0.69 1.77±0.03 0.27
    69 YDXS 116.63 24.69 31.70±0.81 1.68±0.03 0.23
    70 YTFQ 118.87 25.82 32.90±1.03 1.69±0.03 0.23
    71 YTGL 119.09 25.84 34.30±1.21 1.70±0.04 0.24
    72 YTGY 118.47 25.83 33.10±0.82 1.68±0.03 0.23
    73 YXBM 118.11 26.03 31.50±0.74 1.72±0.03 0.24
    74 YXHT 117.39 23.98 28.60±1.91 1.76±0.07 0.26
    75 ZAQD 117.19 23.67 28.10±0.66 1.82±0.03 0.28
    76 ZHNZ 118.86 27.35 31.50±0.63 1.75±0.03 0.26
    77 ZPCH 117.87 24.13 28.20±0.60 1.79±0.03 0.27
    78 ZPLA 117.74 23.93 28.20±0.68 1.76±0.04 0.26
    79 ZPXH 117.65 25.40 31.80±0.75 1.74±0.03 0.25
    80 ZZJH 117.63 24.46 30.40±0.66 1.72±0.03 0.24
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    朱金芳, 方盛明, 张先康等. 2006b. 漳州盆地及其邻区地壳深部结构的探测与研究. 中国地震, 22(4): 405-417. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZGZD200604007.htm

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出版历程
收稿日期:  2019-12-04
修回日期:  2020-10-15
上线日期:  2021-03-10

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