初夏西北太平洋副高东西变动对中国南部降水东西差异的影响

晏红明, 肖子牛, 薛建军. 2021. 初夏西北太平洋副高东西变动对中国南部降水东西差异的影响. 地球物理学报, 64(3): 765-781, doi: 10.6038/cjg2021N0292
引用本文: 晏红明, 肖子牛, 薛建军. 2021. 初夏西北太平洋副高东西变动对中国南部降水东西差异的影响. 地球物理学报, 64(3): 765-781, doi: 10.6038/cjg2021N0292
YAN HongMing, XIAO ZiNiu, XUE JianJun. 2021. The influence of east-west displacement of Northwestern Pacific subtropical high on east-west difference of precipitation in southern China in early summer. Chinese Journal of Geophysics (in Chinese), 64(3): 765-781, doi: 10.6038/cjg2021N0292
Citation: YAN HongMing, XIAO ZiNiu, XUE JianJun. 2021. The influence of east-west displacement of Northwestern Pacific subtropical high on east-west difference of precipitation in southern China in early summer. Chinese Journal of Geophysics (in Chinese), 64(3): 765-781, doi: 10.6038/cjg2021N0292

初夏西北太平洋副高东西变动对中国南部降水东西差异的影响

  • 基金项目:

    国家自然科学基金(41575097,U1902209,41775073,42030603),云南省自然科学基金重点项目(2016FA041)和西南区域重点项目(2014-4)共同资助

详细信息
    作者简介:

    晏红明, 女, 1966年生, 博士, 研究员, 主要从事季风气候研究和短期气候预测.E-mail: y-hm@netease.com

  • 中图分类号: P463

The influence of east-west displacement of Northwestern Pacific subtropical high on east-west difference of precipitation in southern China in early summer

  • 西北太平洋副热带高压(以下简称副高)是影响中国气候的大尺度环流系统,为了进一步了解副高对中国气候的影响,本文利用站点观测资料和大气环流再分析资料,通过资料诊断分析和数值模拟方法,探讨了6月副高东西变动对中国南部降水的影响,以及影响副高东西变动的前期海洋因子.结果表明副高东西变动对中国西南和华南地区降水的影响明显不同:副高偏东有利于降水西南偏多而华南偏少,偏西则降水变化刚好相反.其原因与副高东西变化引起的环流差异有关,华南降水与副高东(西)变动时西太平洋地区副高西北侧的东北(西南)风异常以及东亚中低纬度地区异常经向波列的变化直接有关,而西南降水异常不仅与副高东西变动在东南亚地区引起的纬向风异常有关,与青藏高原大地形动力作用对副高北侧异常纬向风的变化也有十分密切的联系.此外,副高东西变动时影响西南和华南地区的水汽来源不同,影响西南的水汽主要来源于赤道印度洋80°E附近越赤道气流,而影响华南的水汽主要来源于副高南侧偏东气流从西北太平洋地区输送的水汽.进一步分析发现前期冬春季热带西北太平洋和赤道西太平洋海温变化的偶极差异与后期初夏副高东西变动有密切联系,冬春季西北太平洋暖海温和赤道西太平洋冷海温变化有利于后期初夏副高偏西,相反则有利于副高偏东,数值模拟结果在一定程度证实了资料诊断分析结果.

  • 加载中
  • 图 1 

    1958—2015年6月标准化副高东西指数年际变化

    Figure 1. 

    Interannual variations of standardized east-west index of subtropical high in June from 1958 to 2015

    图 2 

    副高东西异常年500 hPa高度场(gpm)和风场(m·s-1)以及垂直速度(pa·s-1)距平合成场

    Figure 2. 

    The height (gpm), wind (m·s-1) and anomalous vertical velocity (pa·s-1) at 500 hPa level respectively in eastward and westward years of subtropical high

    图 3 

    6月VORT指数与同期降水的相关

    Figure 3. 

    The simultaneous correlation between VORT index and rainfall

    图 4 

    副高偏东(a)和偏西(b)年中国南部降水合成和差值场(c)(单位:mm)

    Figure 4. 

    The rainfall distribution in southern China in eastward (a) and westward (b) years of subtropical high and their difference(c) (unit: mm)

    图 5 

    副高异常偏东(a,c)和偏西(b,d)年850 hPa和200 hPa距平风场(单位:m·s-1)合成

    Figure 5. 

    The anomalous wind composite fields at 850 hPa and 200 hPa in eastward (a, c) and westward (b, c) years of subtropical high (unit: m·s-1)

    图 6 

    副高东(a,c)西(b,d)异常年沿110°E—120°E的高度-纬度距平环流剖面(v·w*100 m·s-1)和沿20°N—30°N的高度-经度距平环流剖面(u·w*100 m·s-1)

    Figure 6. 

    The height-latitude profile of anomalous circulation (v·w*100 m·s-1) along 110°E—120°E and the height-longitude profile of anomalous circulation (u·w*100 m·s-1) along 20°N—30°N in the eastward and westward years of subtropical high

    图 7 

    经向风沿2.5°S—2.5°N平均的高度-经度剖面(单位:m·s-1)

    Figure 7. 

    The height-longitude profile of climatological meridional wind (a) and meridional wind anomalies along 2.5°S—2.5°N in the eastward (b) and westward (c) years of subtropical high (unit: m·s-1)

    图 8 

    副高东(a)西(b)异常年整层水汽输送距平(单位:kg·s-1·m-1)及通量散度距平合成场(单位:10-5kg·s-1·m-2)

    Figure 8. 

    The composite fields of water vapour transport anomalies (unit: kg·s-1·m-1) and water vapour flux divergence anomalies (10-5kg·s-1·m-2) in the eastward (a) and westward (b) years of subtropical high

    图 9 

    副高指数与前期1—3月(a)和4—5月(b)海温的相关,阴影区为通过0.05显著性检验的区域;1958—2015年海温指数SSTIDX(棒线)和VORT指数(折线)年际变化(c)

    Figure 9. 

    The correlation between VORT index and averaged SSTA fields for January-March (a) and April-May (b). The areas exceeding 0.05 significant tests are shaded. The interannual variation of SSTIDX (bar line) and VORT index (curve line) from 1958 to 2015 (c)

    图 10 

    1950—2015年1—3月SSTIDX与后期6月850 hPa (a)、500 hPa (b)和200 hPa (c)矢量风的相关,矢量为通过0.05显著性检验的区域

    Figure 10. 

    The correlation between averaged SSTIDX for January-March and wind at 850 hPa (a), 500 hPa (b), 200 hPa (c) in subsequent June for 1950—2015. The vectors denote areas passing 0.05 significant tests

    图 11 

    海温异常试验方案以及相应的数值模拟距平风场(矢量)和高度场(阴影区)

    Figure 11. 

    SSTA test schemes, anomalous wind (vector) and height (shadow) of numerical simulation at 850 hPa and 500 hPa

    表 1 

    1958—2015年各季风指数的相关

    Table 1. 

    Correlation between different monsoon index for 1958—2015

    VORT 南亚夏季风 东亚夏季风 南海夏季风
    VORT 1.00 0.28* 0.70* 0.79*
    南亚夏季风 1.00 0.18 0.58*
    东亚夏季风 1.00 0.62*
    南海夏季风 1.00
    注:相关系数通过0.05显著性检验用”*”标注.
    下载: 导出CSV
  •  

    Beck C, Grieser J, Rudolf B. 2005. A new monthly precipitation climatology for the global land areas for the period 1951 to 2000. Geophysical Research Abstracts, 7: 07154. http://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/10030837272

     

    Chen L X, Zhu C W. 1999. A preliminary analysis of the characteristics and mechanism of the South China Sea summer monsoon during SCSMEX.//Ding Y H, Li C Y. The Onset and Evolution of the South China Sea Monsoon and its Interaction with the Ocean (in Chinese). Beijing: China Meteorological Press, 1317.

     

    Dickinson R E, Henderson-Sellers A, Kennedy P J. 1993. Biosphere- atmosphere transfer scheme (BATS) version 1e as coupled to the NCAR Community Climate Model. (No. NCAR/TN-387+STR). Boulder, Colorado: NCAR.

     

    Gao X J, Giorgi F. 2017. Use of the RegCM system over East Asia: review and perspectives. Engineering, 3(5): 766-772, doi:10.1016/J.ENG.2017.05.019.

     

    Gao X J, Shi Y, Han Z Y, et al. 2017. Performance of RegCM4 over major river basins in China. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 34(4): 441-455, doi:10.1007/s00376-016-6179-7.

     

    Giorgi F, Coppola E, Solmon F, et al. 2012. RegCM4: model description and preliminary tests over multiple CORDEX domains. Climate Research, 52: 7-29, doi:10.3354/cr01018.

     

    Gong D Y, He X Z. 2002. Interdecadal change in western pacific subtropical high and climatic effects. Acta Geographica Sinica (in Chinese), 57(2): 185-193. http://d.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical_dlxb-e200202010.aspx

     

    Guan W N, Ren X J, Shang W, et al. 2018. Subseasonal zonal oscillation of the western Pacific subtropical high during early summer. Journal of Climate, 32(5): 768-780.

     

    He C, Zhou T J, Wu B. 2015. The key oceanic regions responsible for the interannual variability of the western North Pacific Subtropical high and associated mechanisms. Journal of Meteorological Research, 29(4): 562-575. doi: 10.1007/s13351-015-5037-3

     

    Huffman G J, Adler R F, Arkin P, et al. 1997. The global precipitation climatology project (GPCP) combined precipitation data set. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 78(1): 5-20. doi: 10.1175/1520-0477(1997)078<0005:TGPCPG>2.0.CO;2

     

    Jin L J, Zhao P. 2012. Observationally analyzing and numerically simulating the impacts of the south China sea summer monsoon on summer monsoon rainfall in the middle-lower reaches of the Yangtze river. Acta Meteorologica Sinica (in Chinese), 70(4): 670-680. http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-QXXB201204007.htm

     

    Kalnay E, Kanamitsu M, Kistler R, et al. 1996. The NCEP/NCAR 40-year reanalysis project. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 77(3): 437-470. doi: 10.1175/1520-0477(1996)077<0437:TNYRP>2.0.CO;2

     

    Li C Y, Yang H, Gu W. 2008. Cause of severe weather with cold air, freezing gain and snow over South China in January 2008. Climatic and Environmental Research (in Chinese), 13(2): 113-122. http://www.oalib.com/paper/1701364

     

    Li H, Zhou S W, Wang Y F, et al. 2013. A review on relationship between subtropical high anomaly over West Pacific and summer precipitation in the middle-lower reaches of the Yangtze river. Journal of Meteorology and Environment (in Chinese), 29(1): 93-102. http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-LNQX201301016.htm

     

    Li T, Wang B, Wu B, et al. 2017. Theories on formation of an anomalous anticyclone in western North Pacific during El Niño: A review. Journal of Meteorological Research, 31(6): 987-1006. doi: 10.1007/s13351-017-7147-6

     

    Li Y H, Xu H M, Gao Y H, et al. 2010. The characteristics of moisture transport associated with drought/flood in summer over the east of the southwestern China. Acta Meteorologica Sinica (in Chinese), 68(6): 932-943.

     

    Liang J Y, Wu S S. 1999. V ariations of rainfall anomalies in Guandong associated with summer monsoon. Journal of Tropical Meteorology (in Chinese), 15(1): 38-41.

     

    Liu Y Y, Li W J, Ai W X, et al. 2012. Reconstruction and application of the monthly western Pacific subtropical High indices. Journal of Applied Meteorological Science (in Chinese), 23(4): 414-423. http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-YYQX201204006.htm

     

    Lu R Y, Dong B W. 2001. Westward extension of North Pacific subtropical high in summer. Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan. Ser. Ⅱ, 79(6): 1229-1241. doi: 10.2151/jmsj.79.1229

     

    Lu R Y, Li Y, Ryu C S. 2007. The relationship between the east-west migration of the western Pacific subtropical high and the main modes of the lower tropospheric circulation in summer. Progress in Natural Science (in Chinese), 17(4): 546-550.

     

    Oleson K W, Niu G Y, Yang Z L, et al. 2008. Improvements to the community land model and their impact on the hydrological cycle. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 113(G1): G01021, doi:10.1029/2007JG000563.

     

    Qian D L, Guan Z Y. 2018. Different features of super and regular El Niño events and their impacts on the variation of the West Pacific subtropical high. Acta Meteorologica Sinica (in Chinese), 76(3): 394-407.

     

    Qian D L, Guan Z Y. 2019. Impacts of tropical Indian ocean sea surface temperature anomalies on the variation of western Pacific subtropical high in the summer: Dependent and independent of ENSO. Acta Meteorologica Sinica (in Chinese), 77(3): 442-455. http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTotal-QXXB201903005.htm

     

    Qian D L, Guan Z Y, Tang W Y. 2018. Joint impacts of SSTA in tropical Pacific and Indian oceans on variations of the WPSH. Journal of Meteorological Research, 32(4): 548-559, doi:10.1007/s13351-018-7172-0.

     

    Qian D L, Guan Z Y, Wang L J. 2009. Interdecadal variations of west Pacific subtropical high area and changes in summer precipitation over China in boreal summer during the last 57 years. Transactions of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese), 32(5): 677-685. http://www.cabdirect.org/abstracts/20103093295.html

     

    Rayner N A, Parker D E, Horton E B, et al. 2003. Global analyses of sea surface temperature, sea ice, and night marine air temperature since the late nineteenth century. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 108(D14): 4407, doi:10.1029/2002JD002670.

     

    Tao S Y, Wei J. 2006. The westward, northward advance of the subtropical high over the West Pacific in summer. Journal of Applied Meteorological Science (in Chinese), 17(5): 513-525. http://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/10030837008

     

    Wang L J, Luo L, Zhang X Q, et al. 2005. Variation features of the longitudinal position of the western Pacific subtropical high. Journal of Nanjing Institute of Meteorology (in Chinese), 28(5): 577-585.

     

    Webster P J, Yang S. 1992. Monsoon and ENSO: selectively interactive systems. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 118(507): 877-926, doi:10.1002/qj.49711850705.

     

    Wei D M, Li C Y, Tan Y K. 2011. Variation features and the impact of the latitudinal position of the western Pacific subtropical high in summer. Climatic and Environmental Research (in Chinese), 16(3): 255-272. http://www.oalib.com/paper/1701436

     

    Wei J, Yang H, Sun S Q. 2004. Relationship between the anomaly longitudinal position of subtropical high in the western Pacific and severe hot weather in North China in summer. Acta Meteorologica Sinica (in Chinese), 62(3): 308-316. http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTotal-QXXB200403004.htm

     

    Wu G X, Chou J F, Liu Y M, et al. 2003. Review and prospect of the study on the subtropical anticyclone. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese), 27(4): 503-517. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/285730601_Review_and_prospect_of_the_study_on_the_subtropical_anticyclone

     

    Wu J, Gao X J, Xu Y. 2018. Climate change projection over Xiong'an District and its adjacent areas: An ensemble of RegCM4 simulations. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese), 42(3): 696-705, doi:10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1712.17244.

     

    Xie P P, Arkin P A. 1997. Global precipitation: A 17-year monthly analysis based on gauge observations, satellite estimates, and numerical model outputs. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 78(11): 2539-2558. doi: 10.1175/1520-0477(1997)078<2539:GPAYMA>2.0.CO;2

     

    Yan H M, Cheng J G, Zheng J M, et al. 2012. The climate cause of heavy drought in Yunnan in autumn 2009. Transactions of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese), 35(2): 229-239. http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-NJQX201202012.htm

     

    Yan H M, Hu J, Zhou J Q, et al. 2017. Definition of a new East Asian subtropical summer monsoon index. Acta Meteorologica Sinica (in Chinese), 75(2): 193-210. http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-QXXB201702001.htm

     

    Yan H M, Li Q Q, Sun C H, et al. 2013. Criterion for determining the onset and end of the rainy season in Southwest China. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese), 37(5): 1111-1128. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTotal-DQXK201305013.htm

     

    Yan H M, Wang L. 2019. The relationship between east-west movement of subtropical high over northwestern pacific and precipitation in southwestern China. Journal of Applied Meteorological Science (in Chinese), 30(3): 360-375. http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTotal-YYQX201903009.htm

     

    Yan H M, Wang L, Zhu Y, et al. 2009. Cause analyses of severe cold and snowy weather formation in Yunnan in early 2008. Plateau Meteorology (in Chinese), 28(4): 870-879. http://www.cqvip.com/QK/91655X/200904/31893221.html

     

    Yang H, Song J, Yan H M, et al. 2012. Cause of the severe drought in Yunnan province during winter of 2009 to 2010. Climatic and Environmental Research (in Chinese), 17(3): 315-326.

     

    Yang H, Sun S Q, Wei J. 2006. Variation features and the impact of the longitudinal position of the western Pacific subtropical high in summer.//Wu G X, Zhang Q. New Advance of the Research on Subtropical High in Summer (in Chinese). Beijing: China Meteorological Press, 44-55.

     

    Yang L M, Zhang Q Y. 2007. Relationships between perturbation kinetic energy anomaly along east asian westerly jet and subtropical high in Summer. Journal of Applied Meteorological Science (in Chinese), 18(4): 452-459. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTotal-YYQX200704004.htm

     

    Yu D D, Zhang R, Zhao Y C, et al. 2014. Correlation between the subtropical high abnormal longitudinal position and the East Asian summer monsoon system. Transactions of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese), 37(3): 304-312. http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-NJQX201403007.htm

     

    Yuan Y, Ding T, Gao H, et al. 2018. Major modes of midsummer air temperature in southern China and their relationship with sea surface temperature anomalies. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese), 42(6): 1245-1262. http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTotal-DQXK201806006.htm

     

    Zhang Q Y, Tao S Y. 2003. The anomalous subtropical anticyclone in western Pacific and their association with circulation over East Asia during summer. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences (in Chinese), 27(3): 369-380. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=daqikx200303007

     

    Zhao J F, Feng G L, Yang J, et al. 2012. Analysis of the distribution of the large-scale drought/flood of summer in China under different types of the western Pacific subtropical high. Acta Meteorologica Sinica (in Chinese), 70(5): 1021-1031. http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-QXXB201205011.htm

     

    Zhou T J, Yu R C, Zhang J, et al. 2009. Why the western Pacific subtropical high has extended westward since the late 1970s. Journal of Climate, 22(8): 2199-2215. doi: 10.1175/2008JCLI2527.1

     

    Zhu C W, Lee W S, Kang H W, et al. 2005. A proper monsoon index for seasonal and interannual variations of the East Asian monsoon. Geophysical Research Letters, 32(2): L02811, doi:10.1029/2004GL021295.

     

    陈隆勋, 祝从文. 1999. 1998年SCSMEX期间南海夏季风爆发特征及其机制的初步分析. //丁一汇, 李崇银. 南海季风爆发和演变及其与海洋的相互作用. 北京: 气象出版社, 1317.

     

    龚道溢, 何学兆. 2002. 西太平洋副热带高压的年代际变化及其气候影响. 地理学报, 57(2): 185-193. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0375-5444.2002.02.008

     

    靳莉君, 赵平. 2012. 夏季南海季风对长江中下游季风降水影响的观测分析和数值模拟. 气象学报, 70(4): 670-680. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-QXXB201204007.htm

     

    李崇银, 杨辉, 顾薇. 2008. 中国南方雨雪冰冻异常天气原因的分析. 气候与环境研究, 13(2): 113-122. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-QHYH200802000.htm

     

    李慧, 周顺武, 王亚非. 2013. 西太平洋副热带高压异常与中国长江中下游夏季降水关系研究综述. 气象与环境学报, 29(1): 93-102. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-503X.2013.01.016

     

    李永华, 徐海明, 高阳华等. 2010. 西南地区东部夏季旱涝的水汽输送特征. 气象学报, 68(6): 932-943. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-QXXB201006017.htm

     

    梁建茵, 吴尚森. 1999. 夏季广东降水异常变化与夏季风. 热带气象学报, 15(1): 38-41. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-RDQX901.004.htm

     

    刘芸芸, 李维京, 艾秀等. 2012. 月尺度西太平洋副热带高压指数的重建与应用. 应用气象学报, 23(4): 414-423. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-7313.2012.04.004

     

    陆日宇, 李颖, Ryu C S. 2007. 夏季西太副热带高压的东西偏移和对流层低层环流变化的主要模态的关系. 自然科学进展, 17(4): 546-550. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1002-008X.2007.04.019

     

    钱代丽, 管兆勇. 2018. 超强与普通厄尔尼诺海-气特征差异及对西太平洋副热带高压的不同影响. 气象学报, 76(3): 394-407. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-QXXB201803005.htm

     

    钱代丽, 管兆勇. 2019. 滤除ENSO信号前后夏季热带印度洋海盆尺度海温距平对西太平洋副热带高压的不同影响. 气象学报, 77(3): 442-455. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-QXXB201903005.htm

     

    钱代丽, 管兆勇, 王黎娟. 2009. 近57a夏季西太平洋副高面积的年代际振荡及其与中国降水的联系. 大气科学学报, 32(5): 677-685. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-7097.2009.05.012

     

    陶诗言, 卫捷. 2006. 再论夏季西太平洋副热带高压的西伸北跳. 应用气象学报, 17(5): 513-525. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-7313.2006.05.001

     

    王黎娟, 罗玲, 张兴强等. 2005. 西太平洋副热带高压东西位置变动特征分析. 南京气象学院学报, 28(5): 577-585. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-NJQX200505000.htm

     

    韦道明, 李崇银, 谭言科. 2011. 夏季西太平洋副热带高压南北位置变动特征及其影响. 气候与环境研究, 16(3): 255-272. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9585.2011.03.01

     

    卫捷, 杨辉, 孙淑清. 2004. 西太平洋副热带高压东西位置异常与华北夏季酷暑. 气象学报, 62(3): 308-316. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0577-6619.2004.03.005

     

    吴国雄, 丑纪范, 刘屹岷等. 2003. 副热带高压研究进展及展望. 大气科学, 27(4): 503-517. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2003.04.06

     

    吴婕, 高学杰, 徐影. 2018. RegCM4模式对雄安及周边区域气候变化的集合预估. 大气科学, 42(3): 696-705, doi:10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.1712.17244.

     

    晏红明, 程建刚, 郑建萌等. 2012. 2009年云南秋季特大干旱的气候成因分析. 大气科学学报, 35(2): 229-239. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-7097.2012.02.011

     

    晏红明, 胡娟, 周建琴等. 2017. 一个新的东亚副热带夏季风指数的定义. 气象学报, 75(2): 193-210. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-QXXB201702001.htm

     

    晏红明, 李清泉, 孙丞虎等. 2013. 中国西南区域雨季开始和结束日期划分标准的研究. 大气科学, 37(5): 1111-1128. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DQXK201305013.htm

     

    晏红明, 王灵. 2019. 西北太平洋副高东西变动与西南地区降水的关系. 应用气象学报, 30(3): 360-375. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YYQX201903009.htm

     

    晏红明, 王灵, 朱勇等. 2009. 2008年初云南低温雨雪冰冻天气的气候成因分析. 高原气象, 28(4): 870-879. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-GYQX200904019.htm

     

    杨辉, 宋洁, 晏红明等. 2012. 2009/2010年冬季云南严重干旱的原因分析. 气候与环境研究, 17(3): 315-326. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-QHYH201203008.htm

     

    杨辉, 孙淑清, 卫捷. 2006. 夏季西太平洋副热带高压的东西变化及其对气候的影响. //吴国雄, 张琼. 夏季热带高压变化研究的新进展. 北京: 气象出版社, 44-55.

     

    杨莲梅, 张庆云. 2007. 夏季东亚西风急流扰动异常与副热带高压关系研究. 应用气象学报, 18(4): 452-459. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-7313.2007.04.005

     

    余丹丹, 张韧, 赵越超等. 2014. 西太平洋副高的东西进退与东亚夏季风系统的相互影响与关联. 大气科学学报, 37(3): 304-312. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-7097.2014.03.007

     

    袁媛, 丁婷, 高辉等. 2018. 我国南方盛夏气温主模态特征及其与海温异常的联系. 大气科学, 42(6): 1245-1262. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DQXK201806006.htm

     

    张庆云, 陶诗言. 2003. 夏季西太平洋副热带高压异常时的东亚大气环流特征. 大气科学, 27(3): 369-380. doi: 10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2003.03.07

     

    赵俊虎, 封国林, 杨杰等. 2012. 夏季西太平洋副热带高压的不同类型与中国汛期大尺度旱涝的分布. 气象学报, 70(5): 1021-1031. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-QXXB201205011.htm

  • 加载中

(11)

(1)

计量
  • 文章访问数:  586
  • PDF下载数:  336
  • 施引文献:  0
出版历程
收稿日期:  2019-07-03
修回日期:  2020-06-12
上线日期:  2021-03-10

目录