“松科二井”邻域岩石圈精细结构特征及动力学环境——深地震反射剖面的揭示

符伟, 侯贺晟, 高锐, 刘财, 杨瑨, 国瑞. 2019. “松科二井”邻域岩石圈精细结构特征及动力学环境——深地震反射剖面的揭示. 地球物理学报, 62(4): 1349-1361, doi: 10.6038/cjg2019M0370
引用本文: 符伟, 侯贺晟, 高锐, 刘财, 杨瑨, 国瑞. 2019. “松科二井”邻域岩石圈精细结构特征及动力学环境——深地震反射剖面的揭示. 地球物理学报, 62(4): 1349-1361, doi: 10.6038/cjg2019M0370
FU Wei, HOU HeSheng, GAO Rui, LIU Cai, YANG Jin, GUO Rui. 2019. Fine structure of the lithosphere beneath the Well SK-2 and its adjacent: Revealed by deep seismic reflection profile. Chinese Journal of Geophysics (in Chinese), 62(4): 1349-1361, doi: 10.6038/cjg2019M0370
Citation: FU Wei, HOU HeSheng, GAO Rui, LIU Cai, YANG Jin, GUO Rui. 2019. Fine structure of the lithosphere beneath the Well SK-2 and its adjacent: Revealed by deep seismic reflection profile. Chinese Journal of Geophysics (in Chinese), 62(4): 1349-1361, doi: 10.6038/cjg2019M0370

“松科二井”邻域岩石圈精细结构特征及动力学环境——深地震反射剖面的揭示

  • 基金项目:

    中国地质调查局二级项目(DD20160207,DD20190010),国家自然科学基金项目(41474081,41430213,41590893)联合资助

详细信息
    作者简介:

    符伟, 男, 1991年生, 博士研究生, 主要从事深地震反射数据处理与解释研究.E-mail:614658187@qq.com

    通讯作者: 侯贺晟, 男, 1980年生, 副研究员, 主要从事深部探测与深部能源远景分析研究.E-mail:hesheng.hou@126.com
  • 中图分类号: P315

Fine structure of the lithosphere beneath the Well SK-2 and its adjacent: Revealed by deep seismic reflection profile

More Information
  • 为揭示"松科二井"邻域岩石圈精细结构特征,布设了一条过井近南北向的深地震反射剖面,采用多尺度药量结合的激发技术,长排列、重点段加密接收高次覆盖的采集方式,通过高保真、高保幅的处理流程获得高分辨率、高信噪比的叠前时间偏移剖面.结果显示:T4反射轴之下沉积岩层状反射与火成岩杂乱反射相间,有两处疑似上古生界地层,分别位于松科二井下方(双程走时,Two way travel time,TWT,3.5~4 s)和任民-永安断隆下方(CDP,3500~4500,TWT,3~4 s);中下地壳可观察到近平行的北倾反射,中和断陷下方存在上下关联的透镜状强反射,整体轮廓呈蘑菇云状,解释其为岩石圈伸展构造中发育的深部热流底辟体;北部莫霍面呈近水平连续强反射,南部徐家围子断陷区域莫霍面反射较弱,同时剖面上存在3种明显的岩石圈上地幔反射,包括倾斜地幔反射、近水平地幔反射和超深地幔反射,推断其分别为早期俯冲遗迹、早期增厚地壳底界面以及现今岩石圈底界面.本文利用过松科二井地震剖面的最新成果,揭示出古亚洲洋、蒙古-鄂霍茨克洋和古太平洋三大构造域先后作用下,保留在松嫩地块岩石圈内的结构特征,为探讨松辽盆地形成原因、构造背景及动力学因素提供新视野.

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  • 图 1 

    过松科二井深地震反射剖面位置图(据Liu等(2017)王璞珺等(2017)杨宝俊等(2001)修改)

    Figure 1. 

    Location of the deep seismic reflection profile across the SK2 (after Liu et al., 2017, Wang et al., 2017, Yang et al., 2001)

    图 2 

    徐家围子断陷典型单炮处理效果对比图

    Figure 2. 

    Typical shot beneath Xujiaweizi Fault Depression and result after data processing

    图 3 

    过“松科二井”近南北向深地震反射剖面(CDP点距为25 m)

    Figure 3. 

    Deep seismic reflection profile across the SK-2 trending north to south (with CDP distance 25 m)

    图 4 

    过“松科二井”近南北向深地震反射剖面解释图

    Figure 4. 

    Interpretation of deep seismic reflection profile across the SK-2

    图 5 

    松科二井周围加密测线段深度域成像剖面

    Figure 5. 

    Deep seismic profile in depth domain around Well SK-2 with high stacking fold

    图 6 

    下地壳倾斜反射

    Figure 6. 

    Oblique reflection of the lower crust

    图 7 

    莫霍面附近(9~13 s)瞬时振幅属性(红色代表强振幅,蓝色为弱振幅)

    Figure 7. 

    Instantaneous amplitude around the Moho (9~13 s, red represents the strong amplitude and blue the weak amplitude)

    图 8 

    徐家围子断陷与中和断陷典型单炮对比

    Figure 8. 

    Comparison of records beneath Xujiaweizi Fault Depression and Zhonghe Fault Depression

    表 1 

    深地震反射采集参数

    Table 1. 

    Acquisition parameters of deep seismic reflection data

    内容 主要参数
    仪器型号 428XL
    前放增益 12 dB
    低截滤波 不加滤波
    高截滤波 250 Hz
    记录道数 小炮、中炮(双边800)
    大炮(单边不低于1000)
    检波器型号 20-DX(固有频率10 Hz)
    检波器组合 单串(12个)线性组合
    记录格式 SEG-D
    记录长度 50 s
    采样率 2 ms
    道间距 50 m、25 m (松科二井邻域)
    炮间距 小炮200 m、中炮1000 m、大炮25 km
    最小偏移距 25 m
    最大偏移距 68975 m
    排列方式 19975-25-50-25-19975(小炮、中炮)
    叠加次数 100次、>200次(加密段)
    激发类型 炸药
    正常炮井深 25 m
    中、大炮井深 30 m×3(3井组合)、30 m×12(12井组合)
    药量 小炮20 kg、中炮72 kg、大炮480 kg
    下载: 导出CSV

    表 2 

    深地震反射数据处理流程及参数

    Table 2. 

    Basic processing steps of deep seismic reflection data

    输入SEG-D数据并输出SEG-Y数据
    定义二维观测系统,面元大小为25 m
    道编辑,重采样为4 ms
    带通滤波,6-10-44-50(浅层)、2-4-24-30(深层)
    全偏移距初至波拾取
    层析静校正,替换速度为2000 km·s-1,基准面高程为1000 m
    球面扩散补偿、几何扩散补偿和地表一致性振幅校正
    叠前多域(f-x域和f-k)噪声衰减
    地表一致性预测反褶积,算子长度200 ms
    速度分析,间隔40 CMP
    剩余静校正, 大校正量剩余静校正、自动剩余静校正
    高阶NMO校正,手工切除
    多聚焦成像
    叠前时间偏移,克希霍夫偏移,偏移孔径10000、偏移角度45°
    叠加和叠后滤波
    结合测井数据的时深转换和井震标定
    下载: 导出CSV
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收稿日期:  2018-06-21
修回日期:  2018-10-11
上线日期:  2019-04-05

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