综合利用多种地壳形变观测资料计算鲜水河断裂带现今滑动速率

李铁明, 祝意青, 杨永林, 徐云马, 安艳芬, 张瀛, 冯胜涛, 槐岩珂, 杨九元. 2019. 综合利用多种地壳形变观测资料计算鲜水河断裂带现今滑动速率. 地球物理学报, 62(4): 1323-1335, doi: 10.6038/cjg2019L0723
引用本文: 李铁明, 祝意青, 杨永林, 徐云马, 安艳芬, 张瀛, 冯胜涛, 槐岩珂, 杨九元. 2019. 综合利用多种地壳形变观测资料计算鲜水河断裂带现今滑动速率. 地球物理学报, 62(4): 1323-1335, doi: 10.6038/cjg2019L0723
LI TieMing, ZHU YiQing, YANG YongLin, XU YunMa, AN YanFen, ZHANG Ying, FENG ShengTao, HUAI YanKe, YANG JiuYuan. 2019. The current slip rate of the Xianshuihe fault zone calculated using multiple observational data of crustal deformation. Chinese Journal of Geophysics (in Chinese), 62(4): 1323-1335, doi: 10.6038/cjg2019L0723
Citation: LI TieMing, ZHU YiQing, YANG YongLin, XU YunMa, AN YanFen, ZHANG Ying, FENG ShengTao, HUAI YanKe, YANG JiuYuan. 2019. The current slip rate of the Xianshuihe fault zone calculated using multiple observational data of crustal deformation. Chinese Journal of Geophysics (in Chinese), 62(4): 1323-1335, doi: 10.6038/cjg2019L0723

综合利用多种地壳形变观测资料计算鲜水河断裂带现今滑动速率

  • 基金项目:

    国家自然科学基金(41374026,41874092)资助

详细信息
    作者简介:

    李铁明, 男, 1961年生, 副研究员, 主要从事现今地壳运动与区域地震危险性分析研究.E-mail:dzsltm@163.com

    通讯作者: 祝意青, 男, 1962年生, 研究员, 主要从事重力学与地球动力学及地震监测预报研究.E-mail:zhuyiqing@163.com
  • 中图分类号: P313;P223

The current slip rate of the Xianshuihe fault zone calculated using multiple observational data of crustal deformation

More Information
  • 本文首先沿走向将鲜水河断裂带划分为炉霍、道孚、乾宁、康定和磨西五个断裂段,利用沿断裂带布设的跨断层短基线、短水准场地测量资料计算了近场的断层活动参数,利用覆盖断裂带相对较大区域的重力、GPS观测资料计算了重力场动态变化、GPS速度场.基于重力场动态变化和GPS速度场采用蚁群算法和粒子群算法(具有全局优化的优势)分别反演计算了五个断裂段断层活动参数,将结果中的走滑分量作为五个断裂段的现今走滑速率.通过对以上三类现今走滑速率及五个断裂段的地质平均滑动速率进行融合与对比分析,将重力资料反演计算结果作为断裂带整体走滑速率,与跨断层短基线、短水准测量计算的断层滑动速率结果进行对比分析,初步判定了各跨断层短基线、短水准场地所跨断裂的性质,最终给出了五个断裂段的现今整体左旋走滑速率和部分分支断裂左旋走滑速率,结果为:①炉霍段为9.13 mm·a-1,虾拉沱区域西支断裂为2.46 mm·a-1,东支断裂为5.84 mm·a-1.②道孚段为8.57 mm·a-1,东南段沟普区域西支断裂为1.78 mm·a-1,东支断裂为6.79 mm·a-1.③乾宁段为7.67 mm·a-1.④康定段为6.14 mm·a-1.⑤磨西段为4.41 mm·a-1.本文还定性讨论了断裂带两侧重力、GPS测点覆盖范围内活动地块的三维弹塑性变形和古地震、历史地震造成的永久位错.

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  • 图 1 

    鲜水河断裂带及地壳形变观测点位分布

    Figure 1. 

    Sketch showing the Xianshuihe fault zone and measurement sites for crustal deformation

    图 2 

    鲜水河断裂区重力动态变化(单位:10-8m·s-2)

    Figure 2. 

    Gravity changes around the Xianshuihe fault zone (contour unit:10-8m·s-2)

    图 3 

    华南基准区域GPS速度场

    Figure 3. 

    GPS horizontal velocity field in South China

    图 4 

    鲜水河断裂带几何形态结构及断裂带现今左旋走滑速率

    Figure 4. 

    Geometry and morphology of the Xianshuihe fault zone and its current strike-slip rates

    表 1 

    鲜水河断裂带分段

    Table 1. 

    Segmentation of the Xianshuihe fault zone

    断层段名 断层中心坐标 走向/(°) 倾向/(°) 长度/km 深度/km 跨断层测量场地数
    经度/(°) 纬度/(°)
    炉霍 100.400 31.537 N45°W NE/70 90 20 5
    道孚 100.925 31.161 N45°W NE/70 80 20 3
    乾宁 101.297 30.776 N40°W SW/70 70 20 4
    康定 101.820 30.208 N30°W SW/70 85 20 1
    磨西 102.187 29.444 N20°W NE/70 90 20
    注:各段落断层产状参数主要参考地质填图结果给出(李天祒等,1997).
    Note:Attitude parameters of every fault segment are mainly from geological mapping data (Li et al., 1997).
    下载: 导出CSV

    表 2 

    五个断裂段四类断层走滑速率及三项差值

    Table 2. 

    Four types of strike-slip rates and three differences of the five fault segments

    断裂段 跨断层场地 跨断层 重力 GPS 地质
    (mm·a-1)
    Δ1 Δ2 Δ3
    炉霍 侏倭 0.98 9.13 7.96 13±5 8.15 -1.17 3.87
    格篓 0.65 8.48
    墟虚 0.12 9.01
    虾拉沱 2.46 6.67
    虾拉沱蠕变 0.85 8.28
    道孚 沟普 1.78 8.57 16.86 10±2 6.79 8.29 1.43
    沟普蠕变 0.89 7.68
    恰叫蠕变 0.05 8.52
    乾宁 龙灯坝 0.12 7.67 18.23 10±2 7.55 10.56 2.33
    龙灯坝蠕变 0.53 7.14
    老乾宁 0.07 7.60
    老乾宁蠕变 0.23 7.44
    康定 折多塘 0.51 6.14 10.34 6±2 5.63 4.20 9.86
    磨西 4.41 10.51 12±2 6.10 7.59
    注:地质滑动速率参考李天祒等(1997);康定段地质滑动速率为三条分支断裂之和.Δ:滑动速率差值,Δ1:重力-跨断层;Δ2:GPS-重力;Δ3:地质-重力.
    Note:Geological strike-slip rates are from data of Li et al. (1997). Geological strike-slip rate of the Kangding fault segment is the sum of three branch faults. Δ:Differences of strike-slip rate,Δ1:Gravity-Crossing fault;Δ2:GPS-Gravity;Δ3:Geology-Gravity.
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
收稿日期:  2018-03-30
修回日期:  2018-05-02
上线日期:  2019-04-05

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