青藏高原东北缘上地幔多尺度层析成像

李贞, 郭飚, 刘启元, 陈九辉, 李顺成, 齐少华. 2019. 青藏高原东北缘上地幔多尺度层析成像. 地球物理学报, 62(4): 1244-1255, doi: 10.6038/cjg2019J0392
引用本文: 李贞, 郭飚, 刘启元, 陈九辉, 李顺成, 齐少华. 2019. 青藏高原东北缘上地幔多尺度层析成像. 地球物理学报, 62(4): 1244-1255, doi: 10.6038/cjg2019J0392
LI Zhen, GUO Biao, LIU QiYuan, CHEN JiuHui, LI ShunCheng, QI ShaoHua. 2019. P-wave structure of upper mantle beneath the Northeastern Tibetan Plateau from multi-scale seismic tomography. Chinese Journal of Geophysics (in Chinese), 62(4): 1244-1255, doi: 10.6038/cjg2019J0392
Citation: LI Zhen, GUO Biao, LIU QiYuan, CHEN JiuHui, LI ShunCheng, QI ShaoHua. 2019. P-wave structure of upper mantle beneath the Northeastern Tibetan Plateau from multi-scale seismic tomography. Chinese Journal of Geophysics (in Chinese), 62(4): 1244-1255, doi: 10.6038/cjg2019J0392

青藏高原东北缘上地幔多尺度层析成像

  • 基金项目:

    国家自然科学基金(41574045,41074027)和国家地震动力学重点实验室(LED2013A06)资助

详细信息
    作者简介:

    李贞, 女, 1989年生, 硕士研究生, 主要从事地震层析成像研究.E-mail:lizhen2008117@126.com

    通讯作者: 郭飚, 男, 1974年生, 副研究员, 主要研究方向地震层析成像及地震各向异性.E-mail:guobiao74@hotmail.com
  • 中图分类号: P315

P-wave structure of upper mantle beneath the Northeastern Tibetan Plateau from multi-scale seismic tomography

More Information
  • 利用布设在青藏高原东北缘地区的甘肃宽频带地震台阵记录到的远震P波走时数据,采用小波域参数化和基于L1范数的稀疏约束反演算法的多尺度层析成像方法,得到了该地区400 km深度范围内上地幔的P波速度结构.本文采用的多尺度层析成像方法可以自适应数据非均匀采样的情况,有效降低谱泄漏效应和反问题的多解性,明显提高解的分辨率和可靠性.层析成像结果表明青藏高原东北缘上地幔整体上显示为低速特征,扬子地块上地幔则显示为高速特征,两者之间上地幔存在清晰的块体边界带,该边界带位于东经104°-105°之间并且随深度的增加逐渐东移.该特征暗示了青藏高原上地幔物质向东扩张的机制,但在西秦岭上地幔顶部不存在物质运移的通道.青藏高原东北缘内部也具有明显的分区特征,松潘-甘孜地块上地幔P波速度整体呈低速特征,而柴达木地块的上地幔顶部具有相对高速特征,而在上地幔200 km以下这两个地块间的差别逐渐减小.1654年天水地震和1879年武都地震都发生在扬子地块与青藏高原的碰撞交汇区,其震中下方上地幔显示为高低速转换结构.

  • 加载中
  • 图 1 

    地质构造背景及宽频带地震台站分布

    Figure 1. 

    Geological setting and distribution of seismic stations

    图 2 

    远震层析成像研究所用的远震震中分布

    Figure 2. 

    Locations of the teleseismic events used in this study

    图 3 

    棋盘格分辨率测试

    Figure 3. 

    Checkerboard resolution test

    图 4 

    80 km深度速度扰动剖面在1—4阶小波重建图像

    Figure 4. 

    P-wave velocity perturbation images at the 80 km depth in level 1—4 wavelet reconstruction

    图 5 

    不同深度范围速度扰动剖面

    Figure 5. 

    P-wave velocity perturbation profiles at different depths

    图 6 

    沿纬度方向的垂直速度扰动剖面

    Figure 6. 

    P-wave velocity perturbation profiles along the longitude directions

    图 7 

    沿经度方向的垂直速度扰动剖面

    Figure 7. 

    P-wave velocity perturbation profiles along the latitude directions

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出版历程
收稿日期:  2018-04-03
修回日期:  2019-01-22
上线日期:  2019-04-05

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