基于浅层反射地震勘探技术的大庆地区近地表构造特征研究

赵斌, 刘财, 韦庆海, 鹿琪, 石金虎, 余中元, 孙海峰. 2018. 基于浅层反射地震勘探技术的大庆地区近地表构造特征研究. 地球物理学报, 61(8): 3385-3399, doi: 10.6038/cjg2018M0194
引用本文: 赵斌, 刘财, 韦庆海, 鹿琪, 石金虎, 余中元, 孙海峰. 2018. 基于浅层反射地震勘探技术的大庆地区近地表构造特征研究. 地球物理学报, 61(8): 3385-3399, doi: 10.6038/cjg2018M0194
ZHAO Bin, LIU Cai, WEI QingHai, LU Qi, SHI JinHu, YU ZhongYuan, SUN HaiFeng. 2018. Near-surface structural features in the Daqing area derived from shallow reflection seismic exploration. Chinese Journal of Geophysics (in Chinese), 61(8): 3385-3399, doi: 10.6038/cjg2018M0194
Citation: ZHAO Bin, LIU Cai, WEI QingHai, LU Qi, SHI JinHu, YU ZhongYuan, SUN HaiFeng. 2018. Near-surface structural features in the Daqing area derived from shallow reflection seismic exploration. Chinese Journal of Geophysics (in Chinese), 61(8): 3385-3399, doi: 10.6038/cjg2018M0194

基于浅层反射地震勘探技术的大庆地区近地表构造特征研究

  • 基金项目:

    中国地震局行业专项"我国地震重点监视防御区活动断层地震危险性评价"大庆城市活动断层探测项目(1521044025,中国地震局与大庆市政府联合投资)资助

详细信息
    作者简介:

    赵斌, 男, 1983年生, 高级工程师, 现为吉林大学地球探测科学与技术学院在读博士生, 主要从事浅层地震勘探方面的探测研究工作.E-mail:zhaobin2293@163.com

    通讯作者: 鹿琪, 女, 1972年生, 教授, 主要从事探地雷达和地震信号处理方面的研究.E-mail:luqi@jlu.edu.cn
  • 中图分类号: P541;P631

Near-surface structural features in the Daqing area derived from shallow reflection seismic exploration

More Information
  • 目前,对于大庆地区的地质构造研究成果仅局限在深部构造上,该地区从未开展过针对近地表隐伏断裂的探查工作.本文采用浅层反射地震勘探方法,查明了克山—大安断裂嫩江组以上地层的详细地层信息以及断裂的展布形态;同时,在主干断裂上覆的背斜构造中,发现了许多次级断裂,这些次级断裂在前人的成果中并未提出过,并且在本区的断裂-褶皱构造体系中,次级断裂的活动特性同样受主干断裂活动的影响;然后通过钻孔验证,证实了浅层反射地震勘探结果的可靠性,并且确定了次级断裂的最新活动时代;最后综合编制了松辽盆地长垣隆起地区浅层地质模型,并讨论了本地区的构造体系受晚白垩纪以来太平洋板块俯冲方向变化的影响而形成的构造特征.本次研究中的方法和成果可为大庆市城市发展规划、重大工程建设选址和大庆油田安全高效生产等提供科学依据,可为其他地区开展近地表断裂探查提供借鉴和参考,为本地区浅层地质构造后续研究提供了基础资料,填补该地区近地表地球物理勘探构造研究的空白.

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  • 图 1 

    浅层反射地震勘探测线布置图

    Figure 1. 

    Layout map of shallow reflection seismic exploration lines

    图 2 

    原始反射地震记录单道频谱曲线

    Figure 2. 

    Spectral curve of original seismic record

    图 3 

    SUMMIT数字地震仪采集单元、检波器和Y27型可控震源

    Figure 3. 

    SUMMIT digital seismograph and Y27 vibroseis

    图 4 

    南三路反射时间剖面

    Figure 4. 

    Reflection wave time profile along Nansan Road

    图 5 

    南二路反射时间剖面

    Figure 5. 

    Reflection wave time profile on Nan′er Road

    图 6 

    北二路反射时间剖面

    Figure 6. 

    Reflection wave time profilealong Bei′er Road

    图 7 

    北三西路反射时间剖面

    Figure 7. 

    Reflection wave time profilealong Beisanxi Road

    图 8 

    同一位置浅层反射地震剖面与石油地震剖面对比图

    Figure 8. 

    Comparison between shallow reflection seismic profile and petroleum seismic profile at the same position

    图 9 

    南三路测线反射波时间剖面和深度解释剖面

    Figure 9. 

    Reflection wave time profile and depth interpretation profilealong Nansan Road

    图 10 

    南二路测线反射波时间剖面和深度解释剖面

    Figure 10. 

    Reflection wave time profile and depth interpretation profile along Nan′er Road

    图 11 

    北二路测线反射波时间剖面和深度解释剖面

    Figure 11. 

    Reflection wave time profile and depth interpretation profilealong Bei′er Road

    图 12 

    北三西路测线反射波时间剖面和深度解释剖面

    Figure 12. 

    Reflection wave time profile and depth interpretation profile along Beisanxi Road

    图 13 

    钻孔联合地质剖面

    Figure 13. 

    Composite drilling geological section

    图 14 

    实测断点平面展布图

    Figure 14. 

    Distribution of measured breakpoints

    图 15 

    松辽盆地长垣隆起地区浅层地质模型

    Figure 15. 

    Shallow geological model in the placanticline uplift of the Songliao basin

    表 2 

    浅层地震勘探断点参数表

    Table 2. 

    Breakpoint parameters of shallow seismic exploration

    测线名称 断点编号 上断点位置(m) 错断界面 上断点深度(m) 垂直断距(m) 断层性质 视倾向 可靠性
    南三路 FP01 2505 T03~T1 400~430 5~50 逆断层 E 可靠
    FP02 4742 T11 730~770 50 逆断层 W 一般
    FP02.1 4363 T03~T1 180~200 15~60 逆断层 E 一般
    FP03 6147 T03~T11 150~170 20~50 逆断层 E 较可靠
    南二路 FP06 2040 T03~T11 400~435 2~50 逆断层 E 可靠
    FP07 3774 T03~T11 80~90 20~55 逆断层 E 较可靠
    FP07.1 4040 T01、T03 78~52 2~40 正断层 W 一般
    FP07.2 4398 T01、T03 50~55 20~30 正断层 W 较可靠
    FP08 4907 T03~T11 48~52 50~60 正断层 E 较可靠
    FP08.1 5410 T01、T03 45~50 25~30 正断层 W 较可靠
    北二路 FP09 3348 T11 1110~1160 10 逆断层 E 较可靠
    北三西路 FP10 1897 T11 1060~1100 25 逆断层 E 较可靠
    FP11 4534 T03~T11 100~115 40~100 正断层 E 一般
    下载: 导出CSV

    表 1 

    观测系统和地震数据采集参数

    Table 1. 

    Parameters ofthe observational system and seismic data acquisition

    震源参数 采集参数 观测系统参数 检波器/Hz
    频率/Hz 扫描长度/s 斜坡/s 采样间隔/ms 记录长度/ms 道间距/m 接收道数 覆盖次数
    30~180 8 0.5 0.5 2048 3 150 15 60
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
收稿日期:  2018-04-01
修回日期:  2018-06-20
上线日期:  2018-08-05

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