陶纯苇, 姜超, 孙建新. CMIP5多模式集合对东北三省未来气候变化的预估研究[J]. 地球物理学报, 2016, 59(10): 3580-3591, doi: 10.6038/cjg20161006
引用本文: 陶纯苇, 姜超, 孙建新. CMIP5多模式集合对东北三省未来气候变化的预估研究[J]. 地球物理学报, 2016, 59(10): 3580-3591, doi: 10.6038/cjg20161006
TAO Chun-Wei, JIANG Chao, SUN Jian-Xin. Projection of future changes in climate in Northeast China using a CMIP5 multi-model ensemble[J]. Chinese Journal of Geophysics (in Chinese), 2016, 59(10): 3580-3591, doi: 10.6038/cjg20161006
Citation: TAO Chun-Wei, JIANG Chao, SUN Jian-Xin. Projection of future changes in climate in Northeast China using a CMIP5 multi-model ensemble[J]. Chinese Journal of Geophysics (in Chinese), 2016, 59(10): 3580-3591, doi: 10.6038/cjg20161006




    通讯作者: 姜超,女,讲师,主要从事陆地碳循环与全球气候变化的模拟研究
  • 中图分类号: P461

Projection of future changes in climate in Northeast China using a CMIP5 multi-model ensemble

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  • 应用CN05观测资料,以及参与国际耦合模式比较计划第5阶段(CMIP5)中的26个模式,评估了新一代全球气候模式对东北三省气候变化模拟能力并选出4个较优模式,发现经过筛选得出的较优模式集合平均模拟结果的可靠性得到进一步加强,尤其体现在对气温的模拟上.在此基础上着重分析了多模式集合在不同典型浓度路径(RCPs)下对未来气候变化特征的预估.结果表明:21世纪的未来阶段,东北三省将处于显著增温的状态,且RCP8.5情景下的增温速率(0.53℃/10a)明显高于RCP4.5情景下的速率(0.22℃/10a);空间上,北部地区将成为增温幅度最大、增温速率最高的区域.未来降水将会相对增加,但波动较大,21世纪末期RCP4.5和RCP8.5情景下的降水增加幅度分别为11.24%和15.95%;空间上,辽宁省西部地区将成为降水增加最为显著的区域.根据水分盈亏量,21世纪未来阶段,RCP4.5情景下的东北三省绝大多数地区未来将相对变湿,尤其到了中后期;RCP8.5情景下则是中西部地区将相对变干,其余地区则会相对变湿.
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收稿日期:  2015-11-16
修回日期:  2016-07-20
上线日期:  2016-10-05